British economic and political interest in india began in the 17th century, when the east india company established trading posts there eventually the british took full control of indian political and economic affairs, acting more as governors than traders on the indian sub-continent this had an. For much of the decade, therefore, the movement demanded representation in parliament, the repeal of tax and other laws considered repressive, and a lessening of the effectiveness of british rule in the colonies. The indian independence movement was a movement from 1857 until 15 august 1947, when india got independence from the british raj the movement spanned a total of 90 years (1857-1947) the movement spanned a total of 90 years (1857-1947. Upon independence from british rule in 1947, british india was divided into predominantly hindu india and predominantly muslim pakistan the border was drawn through punjab in the west and bengal in the east.
The british initially viewed sri lanka in strategic terms, and considered the eastern harbour of trincomalee as a counter to french influence in india after the french took over the netherlands in 1794, the pragmatic dutch ceded sri lanka to the british for 'protection' in 1796. Year after year, india and china became rich at europe's expense because of this trade deficit when free-market competition failed them, european governments simply barred asian products great britain banned the import of indian cloth and chinese silk in 1707, and france did the same 10 years later (marks 81. In an effort to assist the financially troubled british east india company parliament passed the tea act of 1773, which allowed the company to ship tea directly to america the grant of a major trading advantage to an already powerful competitor meant a potential financial loss for american importers and smugglers of tea. East india company (the british), a trading company incorporated on 31 december 1600 for fifteen years with the primary purpose of exporting the staple production of english woolen cloths and importing the products of the east indies.
Instead, he convinced the directory to allow him to invade egypt as a first step to conquering india, as an attempt to break the financial and political empire of england which occupied both india and egypt in its vast british empire. Beginning around 1650, the british government pursued a policy of mercantilism in international trade mercantilism stipulates that in order to build economic strength, a nation must export more than it imports to achieve this favorable balance of trade, the english passed regulatory laws. To limit colonial trade to the british only in order to make britain wealthier and make sure that all the trading was controlled by the english how did these policies affect the colonies they actually were an advantage to the colonies, since they had things like having a built-in market for their raw products. The british participation in what has come to be called the 'nefarious trade' was begun by sir john hawkins with the support and investment of elizabeth i in 1573 ( 15 ) by fair means and foul, britain outwitted its european rivals and became the premier trader in the enslaved from the seventeenth century onwards, and retained this position. History of south india the history of the southern part of india covers a span of over four thousand years during which the region saw the rise and fall of a number of dynasties and empires the period of known history of the region begins with the iron age (1200 bce to 24 bce) period until the 14th century ce.
In the end, it was the british who won the battle to rule over india, edging out their european rivals who found other territories to colonize in asia and africa the colonization of india was followed up by the colonization of burma, indo-china, the middle east and virtually all of africa. The muslims of india were late to embrace the inadvertent benefits of colonial rule in the nineteenth century: the access to the modern world that western-style education provided to the hindus and that created a pan-indian intelligentsia—people like gandhi, nehru, and tagore—who went on to assume the leadership of the freedom movement. Indian trade links with europe started in through sea route only after the arrival of vasco da gama in calicut, india on may 20, 1498 the portuguese had traded in goa as early as 1510, and later founded three other colonies on the west coast in diu, bassein, and mangalore.
The british rulers soon realised that a cheaper, faster and more efficient system of transport was necessary if british manufactured goods were to flow into india on a large scale and her raw materials were to be secured for british industries. B) adopted a moderate proposal for establishing a kind of home rule for the colonies under british direction c) made a ringing declaration of america's independence from britain d) called for a complete boycott of british goods. During the early seventeenth century britain created a mercantile system to maintain close control and regulate trade of its colonies, they tried to make sure all revenues generated from the trade with its american colonies went back to the crown.
British india 1763 - 1815 click on the image for a larger view early history in 1601 the english east india company was founded a group of city merchants decided to risk their capital only after there had been favourable reports about trade prospects in the east. The term british india also applied to burma for a shorter time period: starting in 1824, a small part of burma, and by 1886, almost two-thirds of burma had come under british india this arrangement lasted until 1937, when burma commenced being administered as a separate british colony. 1947: india won its independence from british rule at the time of independence in 1947, india comprised of provinces and princely states under the british under british supervision, several. The british also established a board of customs commissioners, whose purpose was to stop colonial smuggling and the rampant corruption of local officials who were often complicit in such illegal trade.